Multiple origins of replication (DNA replication)

The process of DNA replication is similar in eukaryotes and prokaryotes. The key steps involved in DNA replication are:
1. Unwinding of double stranded DNA (dsDNA) by helicase to produce single stranded DNA (ssDNA)
2. Formation of a replication fork
3. Formation of an RNA primer by the action of the enzyme primase
4. Synthesis and concurrent proofreading of daughter DNA strands by DNA polymerases
5. Ligation of Okazaki fragments on lagging strands by ligase and removal and replacement of RNA primers with DNA by DNA polymerase I
6. Reconstitution of chromatin and ligation of daughter strands.

In E. coil, a prokaryote, the three major types of DNA polymerase are DNA polymerase I, II and III. In eukaryotes there are five major DNA polymerases: alpha, beta, gamma, delta and epsilon. Though the eukaryotic genome is much larger and more complex than the prokaryotic genome, interestingly the size of the eukaryotic genome is not the source of its complexity. Its complexity results from the presence of a large number of non-coding DNA regions between coding regions. Within genes there are introns (Non-coding regions - Think “IN” between) separating exons (Coding regions - Think “EX” pressed). Prokaryotes rarely have introns within their genes.
In contrast to prokaryotes which typically have a single origin of replication eukaryotes have multiple origins of replication? With multiple origins of replication, the genome can be copied much more quickly because multiple regions are being replicated at once. 

2 comments:

  1. mbbs in Philippines
    Every year, almost 8000 foreign students take admission in Philippines Medical universities and out of which around 50% are Indian students. The standard of education in Philippines universities is well known around the world. Thousands of doctors from these medical universities are sent to various countries like USA and UK every year. There are around 2299 higher educational institutions and 40 medical colleges. The main benefits of pursuing MD degree from

    Top Medical Colleges in Philippines :

    EMILIO AGUINALDO COLLEGE OF MEDICINE
    UNIVERSITY OF PERPETUAL HELP SYSTEM DALTA
    LYCEUM NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY
    DAVAO MEDICAL SCHOOL FOUNDATION
    SOUTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY

    Top Searched Topics on MBBS in Philippines


    study mbbs in philippines
    philippines medical colleges list
    best medical colleges in philippines for indian students
    philippines medical colleges
    best medical colleges in philippines
    mci approved medical colleges in philippines

    for more information contact us : +91 90329 55688

    ReplyDelete
  2. UV GULLAS COLLEGE OF MEDICINE is one of Top Medical College in Philippines in Cebu city. International students have the oppertunity to study medicine in phillipines at affordable cost and world class University. The college has successful alumni who have achieved well in the fields of law, business, politics, academe, medicine, sports and other endeavors. At University of the Visayas, we prepare students for a global competition.

    Direct MBBS Admissions Open: 2020-21
    Mobile No: +91 90329 55688
    Apply Now: https://www.careerplus.org.in/philippines-medical-college/uv-gullas-college-of-medicine

    ReplyDelete

Popular Posts