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American Diabetes Association (ADA) guidelines for Diabetes mellitus

According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA) guidelines , Diabetes Mellitus (DM) screening should start at age 45 in patients with no DM risk factors. However, patients with risk factors require screening at an earlier age.

The risk factor for developing future DM include excess body weight, family history of type 2 diabetes, and hypertension.

ADA guidelines recommend one of the following DM screening tests.

Plasma HbA1c is a screening modality for diabetes mellitus. Fasting plasma glucose, oral glucose tolerance test, and hyperglycemia in the presence of symptoms can also be used. However the results should be confirmed by repeat testing in the absence of unequivocal hyperglycemia.

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