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What is Pulmonary Edema?

Pulmonary oedema is a condition in which fluid accumulates in your lungs,  caused by back pressure in the lung veins.

Pulmonary oedema is a complication of:

a heart attack;

cardiac dysfunction;

a disease of the valves in your heart, (called "mitral or aortic valve disease") ;

exposure to high altitude.

Fluid overload is a common cause in infants.

Fluid backs up into the veins of the lungs. Increased pressure in these veins forces fluid out of the vein and into the air spaces (alveoli). This interferes with the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide in your lungs.

Can pulmonary oedema be prevented?

In severe cases, this condition can not be prevented. However, pulmonary oedema associated with less severe disease can be prevented by appropriate treatment. The risk can be reduced by prompt treatment of cardiac disorders.

What are the symptoms of pulmonary oedema?

You may experience:

shortness of breath;

a feeling of "air hunger" or "drowning";

"grunting" sounds with breathing;





excessive sweating;

pale skin.

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